Eye defects correction


Table of Content



Surgical methods – described in the part on surgery of eye defects.

We customize all types of contact lenses, both soft and hard. We are able to design individually and order  lenses both soft and hard, allowing the correction of all defects of vision, especially:

  • Keratoconus
  • High astigmatism
  • Defects of vision caused by trauma, deformity of the cornea
  • Cornea transplants
  • Correction presbyopia (presbyopia) – allowing  to see well both  from distance and near, without extra glasses
  • Orthokeratology allows for stability and correction  of myopia defects . Patient can see well both with  lenses and without them!

Amblyopia and contact lenses

In a situation ,when the eye defect  during the development of vision in children is badly or not corrected , the problem  of amblyopia arises . Correction of vision defects using glasses in children is problematic. Sometimes it is hard to fit frames to  baby’s nose so that the glasses do not fall or do not disturb  during games  and busy lifestyle of young patients. It is  not until many months of using  correction that visual acuity is improved . Therefore, the best method of correcting vision defects in children is the use of contact lenses, especially hard ones, as  it allows the most precise correction. This principle also applies to adults.

Astigmatism correction

Astigmatism correction can be performed by  surgical implantation of  toric lens during  cataract surgery or  simultaneous  performing corneal relaxation incision. It is also possible to apply preventive treatment  and fit contact lenses, soft or hard.

Astigmatism –  and soft contact lenses 
Soft contact lenses can compensate for astigmatism in a fairly limited range, usually up to  -3 D. Of course ,there are known lenses that allow  to adjust individually  even up to  -11 D cylindrical, but you can never achieve a better vision as with glasses , and such lenses require  a lot of work The reason for this is the need for a dynamic movement of the lens on the eye. During these movements lens sways slightly, changing in a different degree, the  corrected astigmatism axis. The drawbacks of this practically do not exist in hard lenses. Manufactured currently  hard contact lenses allow for correction of all  vision defects.

High astigmatism
If astigmatism exceeds  3 D , correction  of the defect with the glasses becomes difficult, and patients often do not achieve the full vision. In this situation, the ideal method of correcting are hard contact lenses . It is really important in children, where this method  allows for the proper treatment of amblyopia.

Hard contact lenses and corneal cone

Refractive disorder, which  is caused by conical cornea is very high. It generates the usual rise of myopia and  very high astigmatism, possible  for correction by hard contact lenses.

More information about keratoconus

Othokeratology (night lenses)

An interesting form of correction of myopia is Orthokeratology  of vision defects. It allows you to compensate for myopia and astigmatism, thanks to the hard contact lenses which are worn at night only. The patient  sees well both in  lens and without them! It is a method of correcting myopia,  particularly important for people with an active lifestyle, practising sports, especially water ones . Recommended especially for people whose  performed job does not allow for another form of compensation (the uniformed services: police officers, firefighters, soldiers, special forces, and miners, pilots, etc.)

It is the only proven method of inhibiting the progression of myopia in children and adults.

As with all contact lenses, they must be constantly monitored.

Scope of orthokeratology applicatin:

From 0 do -4,75 D spherical

From 0 do -2,5 D of corneal astigmatism – simple

From 0 do -0,75 D of corneal astigmatism – reverse

How do orthokeratological lenses work ?

Lenses  are put on  before going to  bed at night. These lenses, by gentle pressure,cause a change in the central  rays of the  cornea, thereby correcting myopia and astigmatism. This method is fully reversible, which means that  after giving them up, we return  to the starting point.

The lenses are selected with the help of specialized software and modern high resolution videokeratograph

Correction occurs after the first night’s sleep in lenses and  after a few nights  it usually reaches the full designed value.

Contact lenses for children. Strabismus and myopia

If it is possible, it is recommended for children to use contact lenses.. After the first moments of uncertainty and anxiety caused by a new form of correction, children  quickly discover that they are much more convenient and less troublesome than glasses. This applies especially to serious defects . It is particularly important that children with strabismus caused by hyperopia  ( plus defect ) use  contact lens.. They allow for quick and accurate  defect compensation and reduce  the angle of strabismus, or even eliminate the need for planned surgery. In myopia, they prevent poor vision  and often reduce  the speed defect development.

Children after congenital cataract surgery and contact lenses

Treatment of  a child after congenital cataract surgery is  almost always done by hard contact lenses. In our center we have developed  own procedure for selecting  such lenses. Thanks to it, the effectiveness and accuracy of matching both the shape and the power is very high.

Strict  discipline in keeping  treatment of children after cataract surgery gives a chance to see in the future.

Presbyopia

Presbyopia ( sight in old age  ) – usually when you are over 40, there appears  a problem with an acute vision of near objects  . People over 45 years of age frequently  start using glasses as  additional correction for reading  . Current technology , however, allows to solve this problem through the use of special multifocal lenses both soft and hard . In  soft lenses, optical focus for distance and near vision are arranged concentrically . This allows to achieve a certain compromise between the comfort of distance vision and near vision , thus making it possible to quit wearing glasses. Hard lenses are manufactured as bifocal and progressive , giving full vision both for distance and near vision . They are recommended for the more demanding patients , for whom the convenience of getting rid of glasses is as important as the perfect vision.

Contact lenses and allergy

The use of lenses in people who suffer from allergies it is now possible , but absolutely must be carried out by an eye doctor.

Deformities of cornea, scarring, degeneration

Deformities of  cornea, scars and  degeneration – in those states, frequently,  the only possibility to achieve  useful vision is  the application of hard contact lenses which are  individually designed.


Lenses fitting
Selection of lenses
€ 70,00

Both eyes are examined

Selection of soft lenses
€ 40,00

Both eyes are examined

Selection of soft toric lenses
€ 55,00

Both eyes are examined

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